Want to discuss? Please read our Commenting Policy first. But Easter ranges around — sometimes in March, sometimes in April. Sometimes there is snow, sometimes tulips. Global News set out to answer some of your questions around the annual holiday so that you can look smart around the family dinner table. So the date of Easter is connected to the date of Passover. Passover commemorates the liberation of the Jewish people from slavery in Egypt. Last year Passover was in April , and Easter was in March. This part is confusing. Neither Easter nor Passover have a fixed date in the secular standard calendar.
Calculating the Easter Date
The Jewish liturgical year is not simply the basis for Jewish holidays, but for the Christian movable feasts as well—those annual holidays that do not fall on a fixed date but vary according to astronomical occurrences. The celebration of Passover took place just before the Crucifixion and Resurrection of Christ , and the two holidays have been entwined from the beginning—the word Pasch , originally meaning Passover, came to mean Easter as well.
Passover , or Pesach in Hebrew, the holiday commemorating the Hebrews’ exodus from slavery in Egypt, lasts seven days in Israel and among Reform Jews, and eight days elsewhere around the world. It begins on the 15th day of Nisan, which is the seventh month in the Jewish calendar.
Easter’s date is calculated by a series of complicated rules, set in place Basically, because the moon affects when Passover falls, the moon.
Easter will be observed on Sunday, April 12! This year, Easter will be observed on Sunday, April It so happens that Easter is most celebrated on either March 31 or April 16 over a year period from to AD. Many Eastern Orthodox churches follow the Julian calendar rather than the Gregorian. Specifically, Easter is celebrated on the first Sunday following the full Moon that occurs on or just after the spring equinox.
The first full Moon to occur after that date rises the night of Tuesday, April 7. According to the formula above, this should have meant that Easter would be observed on Sunday, March Ancient calculations made in a.
Why Easter is called Easter, and other little-known facts about the holiday
Easter , [nb 1] also called Pascha Greek , Latin [nb 2] or Resurrection Sunday ,   is a festival and holiday commemorating the resurrection of Jesus from the dead, described in the New Testament as having occurred on the third day after his burial following his crucifixion by the Romans at Calvary c.
Most Christians refer to the week before Easter as ” Holy Week “, which contains the days of the Easter Triduum , including Maundy Thursday , commemorating the Maundy and Last Supper ,   as well as Good Friday , commemorating the crucifixion and death of Jesus. In Eastern Christianity , the season of Pascha begins on Pascha and ends with the coming of the 40th day, the Feast of the Ascension.
Easter and the holidays that are related to it are moveable feasts which do not fall on a fixed date in the Gregorian or Julian calendars which follow only the cycle of the Sun; rather, its date is offset from the date of Passover and is therefore calculated based on a lunisolar calendar similar to the Hebrew calendar. The First Council of Nicaea established two rules, independence of the Jewish calendar and worldwide uniformity, which were the only rules for Easter explicitly laid down by the council.
No details for the computation were specified; these were worked out in practice, a process that took centuries and generated a number of controversies.
This is one reason why Easter may fall on a different date. Passover. After the forty days of Great Lent, Orthodox Christians celebrate Holy Week, which begins on.
On April 12, Christians will be celebrating Easter, the day on which the resurrection of Jesus is said to have taken place. The date of celebration changes from year to year. The reason for this variation is that Easter always falls on the first Sunday after the first full moon following the spring equinox. I am a religious studies scholar specializing in early Christianity, and my research shows that this dating of Easter goes back to the complicated origins of this holiday and how it has evolved over the centuries.
Easter is quite similar to other major holidays like Christmas and Halloween, which have evolved over the last years or so. In all of these holidays, Christian and non-Christian pagan elements have continued to blend together. Most major holidays have some connection to the changing of seasons. This is especially obvious in the case of Christmas. The New Testament gives no information about what time of year Jesus was born. Similar was the case with Easter, which falls in close proximity to another key point in the solar year: the vernal equinox around March 20 , when there are equal periods of light and darkness.
For those in northern latitudes, the coming of spring is often met with excitement, as it means an end to the cold days of winter. Spring also means the coming back to life of plants and trees that have been dormant for winter, as well as the birth of new life in the animal world. Given the symbolism of new life and rebirth, it was only natural to celebrate the resurrection of Jesus at this time of the year.
The only reference to this goddess comes from the writings of the Venerable Bede, a British monk who lived in the late seventh and early eighth century.
The controversy over the correct date for Easter began in Early Christianity as early as the 2nd century AD. Discussion and disagreement over the best method of computing the date of Easter Sunday has been ongoing and unresolved for centuries. Different Christian denominations continue to celebrate Easter on different dates, with Eastern and Western Christian churches being a notable example.
May 10, – A friend at worked asked “What up with Easter and Passover not Full Moon explaining dating of Easter and Passover Passover And Easter.
Pentecost is the fiftieth day of Passover; however, if you check your calendar for this year, you will find that the Church is not celebrating Pentecost on the fiftieth day of the Jewish Passover, so what gives? The confusion comes from the word Easter. The holiday we call Easter in English is called Passover in other languages—and this is fitting, because Easter is the Christian Passover.
Bearing this in mind, we find three methods of calculating Passover:. Of the three methods, the western method seems to be the most accurate in reconstructing when Passover would fall if the first-century Jewish calendar were still in use. It compensates for the changes in the Jewish calendar and the inaccuracies in the Julian calendar. Within each system, Pentecost is the fiftieth day of Passover. That is, the Jewish Pentecost is the fiftieth day of the Jewish Passover, the Orthodox Pentecost is the fiftieth day of the Orthodox Passover, the western Christian Pentecost is the fiftieth day of the western Christian Passover, which we confusingly call Easter in English.
I say of Passover and not after Passover because the counting begins with one rather than zero.
Why Calculating Easter’s Date Is So Complicated
So, how can we, as modern Christians, celebrate His resurrection before the Passover? There are widespread misinformation and misconceptions about three things:. However, there is a definitive answer to each of these questions — read on for the explanation of each. Most people who are aware of the different dates of Easter in the East and the West assume that Eastern Orthodox and Western Christians celebrate Easter on different days because the Orthodox determine the date of Easter with reference to the date of the modern Jewish Passover.
That’s a common misconception — so common, in fact, that Archbishop Peter, the bishop of Diocese of New York and New Jersey of the Orthodox Church in America, wrote an article in to dispel this myth.
Easter is a movable feast, occurring as early as 22 March and as late as 25 April. The concerns for fixing a correct date of Easter lead to.
Easter stalks Passover. They arrive together every spring, like the daffodils and magnolia blossoms. This year, Easter Sunday falls as the eight-day Jewish festival nears its end. In March, my wife, who is Jewish, was on the phone, herding her parents, uncles, brothers and cousins. The first night of Passover is on Monday this year. Emails and texts were exchanged to sort out who would bring what, and this past Monday night we sang and recited the age-old prayers and set out a cup for Elijah, the harbinger of the messianic era.
Now, just a few days later, the holiest days of the year for Christians are under way. In Romance languages, the connection between the Jewish and Christian holidays is explicit. The Hebrew word for Passover is Pesach. In French, Easter is Paques. In many other languages, the word for Easter is simply a transliteration of the Greek word for Easter, Pascha.
English is among the exceptions. Our word, Easter, is German in origin, coming from the archaic word for new life, which is to say, resurrection. In the New Testament, Passover and Easter are tied together.
The Etymology of ‘Easter’ and ‘Passover’
Passover , otherwise known as Pesach in Hebrew, is regarded as one of the most important festivals in Judaism. Every year, Jewish families celebrate the festival by sitting around the Seder table and recounting how Moses led the Jewish people out of Egypt following years of slavery. So when does Passover take place this year, what’s the history behind it and how is it observed? The festival is traditionally observed for eight days by many Jewish people around the world, including those who left Israel as part of the Jewish diaspora.
For those celebrating Passover for eight days, it will end this year on the evening of Thursday 16 April.
Passover lasts seven or eight days, depending on where it’s being celebrated. It begins on the 15th day of the Hebrew month of Nisan, which falls.
Protect your website with Sucuri! Note: Click here for Easter messages. The Jewish calendar year begins in late September or early October with the celebration of Rosh Hashana. Unlike our calendar which is based on the solar year, the Jewish calendar uses twelve lunar months of 29 to 30 days in length. The new moon marks the beginning of each month with the full moon occuring halfway through the month. The seventh month in a normal Jewish calendar year is the month of Nisan also called Abib in the Old Testament.
Passover is celebrated on the 14th day of Nisan at the time of the full moon. Easter is observed on the first Sunday following the full moon that comes on or after the vernal equinox March Thus Easter can take place as early as March 22 but no later than April This full moon is normally the full moon which takes place on the 14th day of Nisan. Thus in most years Easter is celebrated on the Sunday following Passover.
Every two or three years the Jewish calendar requires the adjustment of a leap year.
Jews observe it by hosting a ritual dinner, called a seder, and then by abstaining from eating all leavened bread for about a week. Some of us abstain from some other stuff , too. Instead, we eat matzo , a thin, unleavened cracker. Easter is a springtime Christian holiday celebrating the resurrection of Jesus Christ and freedom from sin and death.
The Oxford English Dictionary states that Easter also means, “The Jewish passover” and cites examples dating to A.D. Likewise, the Coverdale Bible often.
Church history is a fascinating study. There are many angles and approaches one can take when exploring the nuances of the ecclesiastical record. The r eal question underscoring this issue is: did they have the right to do it, and more importantly, is that what Jesus wanted? Otherwise, we might marginalize the significance of the result and overlook the real tragedy of this unauthorized change.
They continued observing Passover, but with a new significance and understanding. The Savior and His apostles have enjoined us by no law to keep this feast [Easter] Keep in mind Jesus Christ was betrayed during the night of Nisan 14 Luke , which was considered the evening portion of the day of Passover Exodus Unquestionably, this is no minor change from the original observance that Jesus Christ exemplified especially since people died refusing to obey this change. This is a question all of us should seriously ask ourselves!
The Profound Connection Between Easter and Passover
Controversy surrounded the determination of the date of Easter from the 2d to the 8th century, and is dealt with here as: 1 the quartodeciman, 2 the Roman-Alexandrian, and 3 the Celtic Easter controversies. Quartodeciman Controversy. The Asiatic practice in the 2d century of observing Easter on the day of the Jewish Passover conflicted with the Roman custom of celebrating Easter on Sunday, the day of the Resurrection.
dating Easter that was different from the one in use in Rome or the community to observe Passover and themselves celebrate Easter the following Sunday.
The Jewish celebration of Passover always happens in the spring, but the first day doesn’t always occur on the same date, at least not on our modern Gregorian calendar. This year, it begins on April 8, but here’s why it moves around so much from year to year. Passover is the celebration of the event that led to Moses guiding the Israelites out of Egyptian captivity, a story that’s found in both the Hebrew and Christian bibles.
Here’s a simplified version of the story: The Egyptians had enslaved the Israelites for hundreds of years when Moses went to the Pharaoh of Egypt and told him to let the Israelites go. The Pharaoh refused, so God sent 10 plagues, each one more damaging than the next. For the final plague, God sent the angel of death in the middle of the night to kill every firstborn son in Egypt. To show that the Israelites were the chosen people, they were given specific instructions to avoid death.
They were told to place the blood of a lamb around the doors of their homes so the angel of death would know to “pass over” their homes.